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www.bangkokpost.com – 24 july 2018

BANGKOK TPO TRANSFIGURES THE DEAD INTO DIVINE SPARK

The Thailand Philharmonic delivered a challenging programme last Saturday: Arnold Schoenberg’s early tone poem Transfigured Night and the Suite from Leoš Janáček’s The House of the Dead. Young Taiwanese talent Ting-Chia Hsu joined Chief Conductor Alfonso Scarano and the TPO in Sergei Rachmaninoff‘s Third, the Russian master’s favorite piano concerto. Widely regarded as the pinnacle of Romantic pianism, Rachmaninoff’s Concerto No. 3 in D minor, Op. 30, recalls an image of the towering virtuoso with large, sprawling hands. The composer played it in 1910 with the New York Philharmonic conducted by Gustav Mahler. After a decade of neglect, it was popularized by pianist Vladimir Horowitz and acquired the reputation of being one of the most technically demanding, even feared, concertos in the piano repertoire. Scott Hicks’s film Shine (1996) illustrates the Concerto’s difficulty. After his 2015 debut with the TPO, the 27-year-old Ting returned to Prince Mahidol Hall as the first-prize winner of both the Ville de Valence (2016) and the Marbella (2017) international piano competitions. Greeted by applause, he played the opening of the Third with a soft, barely audible legato. Some listeners later observed that the piano did not stand out enough from the orchestra. Even in the second row, Ting sounded at times too quiet and timid. The passagework that followed lacked in flow and continuity. This, however, improved in the extended cadenzas, in which Ting surmounted many hurdles and executed complex pianistic figurations with brilliance: his trills were incredibly smooth and scales blindingly fast, as if attempting to prove Horowitz’s belief that “the secret to virtuosity is to play more notes in a shorter amount of time.” By this standard, Ting succeeded admirably, but over the technical fireworks loomed a cloud of disengagement. The struggle inherent in the music was stymied by a conflict between two opposing visions of Rachmaninoff, a mismatch of a great conductor and a great pianist. Accordingly, the interplay between the soloist and the orchestra lacked a balance of tempos and an urgency of dialogue. As a humorous parallel, listen on Youtube to the 1962 concert introduction to Brahms’s D minor Piano Concerto, in which conductor Leonard Bernstein disowns pianist Glenn Gould’s interpretation of the piece. After the intermission, a spirit of harmony returned to Mahidol. Schoenberg, the 20th century revolutionary and pioneer of the twelve-tone technique, is best known for his early tonal works, of which Transfigured Night (1899) is the most appealing to many listeners. This symphonic movement for strings alone was inspired by Richard Dehmel’s poem. In the poem, two lovers roam the forest on a moonlit night. She confesses to him that she bears the child of another man. Maestro Scarano and the TPO highlighted the programmatic aspect of the music. Soft string shimmers painted the darkness of the cold forest. The violins expressed the sadness of the woman’s confession, and the cellos and double basses the man’s contemplation of the news. Later, bright tone colors of the combined strings reflected the man’s peaceful acceptance. Scarano’s players created suspense by repeatedly hinting at, but deliberately postponing, a return to the home key of D. Their phrasing unfettered the boundaries of meter, giving a sense of evolution. The evolution was twofold: the narrative moving from secrecy to forgiveness and Schoenberg stretching the diminishing tonal clarity of late Romanticism towards atonality, a new language free from the old rules of harmony. To experience the startling freedom, listen to Schoenberg’s Pierrot Lunaire, called by Stravinsky “the solar plexus of modernism.” The night was then “transfigured” from D minor to D major with the glow of the couple’s inner warmth. Taking the audience from an Austrian forest to Bohemia, the TPO performed the Suite from Janáček’s last opera The House of the Dead. Posthumously premiered in 1930, the opera derives from Fyodor Dostoevsky’s autobiographical novel about his political imprisonment in Siberia. Significantly, Janáček borrows Dostoevsky’s idea of the divine spark present in every human being. The spark was rekindled by the TPO’s percussion: the rarely heard sonorities of an anvil and a rattle, while the clank of chains evoked the prisoners. The TPO conveyed the opera’s theme of isolation, felt also by the composer because his young muse Kamila Stösslová rejected him, and the coldness of the prison. The grim atmosphere lifted in the second movement when impetuous tempos and reckless rhythms in the orchestra captured the grotesque humor Janáček brought to Dostoyevsky. In the last movement, the TPO conjured up a touching moment in the opera when a wounded eagle escapes. Listeners may have wondered why the music seemed to repeatedly stop and start, and mood abruptly shifted. By this, the orchestra accurately interpreted Janáček’s disjointed, fragmentary style, marked by rapidly changing melodies and pace. If the Rachmaninoff found the audience puzzled, the Schoenberg and the Janáček gleaned enthusiastic ovations, and ensured this was a compelling evening. Tomáš Bazika

*In loving memory of Ung-Aang Talay, a long-time Bangkok Post journalist who loved Schoenberg.

www.bangkokpost.com – 13 july 2018

BANGKOK FIERY VIOLIN LIGHTS THOUSAND ONE NIGHTS

TPO delivers evocative rendition of Prokofiev and Rimsky-Korsakov

Taiwanese violinist Yu-Chien Tseng joined the Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra (TPO) and chief conductor Alfonso Scarano in a fiery reading of Prokofiev’s Violin Concerto No.2. The fire almost became real when one of the strings of Tseng’s bow snapped. Such was the intensity of the TPO’s concert last Saturday at Prince Mahidol Hall, Mahidol University. Who better to judge than the conductor? The notoriously demanding Scarano looked pleased with the superb musicianship on display. At times, his signature frown melted into a warm beam. Devotees of the orchestra know what a rare sight that is. Maestro Scarano then led the TPO through a passionate and evocative performance of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov’s Scheherazade, where the violin of the equally accomplished TPO’s concertmaster Omiros Yavroumis again became the protagonist in a luscious portrayal of the eponymous Arabian Nights storyteller. Facing government pressure, Prokofiev returned to convention with his Violin Concerto No.2, which he wrote while on a concert tour with violinist Samuel Dushkin to whom he dedicated the work. Because of his then nomadic life, Prokofiev composed the piece in three different European cities: Paris, Voronezh and Baku. The Taipei-born Tseng managed to unite the multicoloured strands of influence inherent in the Concerto’s conception. The 23-year old prize-winner of the Queen Elisabeth (2012) and Tchaikovsky (2015) competitions has already recorded two albums. His first, Franck, Ravel, Debussy: French Violin Sonatas, in particular, deserves your attention for Tseng’s combination of youthful vigour and virtuosity. To display his musical aptitude at Mahidol, Tseng brought his 110 million baht Guarneri violin. Tseng’s account of Prokofiev emphasised organic unity of otherwise eccentrically juxtaposed ideas (for contrast, listen to the Patricia Kopatchinskaja recording available on YouTube; her interpretation highlights the disparities). In the first movement, marked allegro moderato, Tseng stressed the romantic side, opening with a sorrowful five-beat motif, which he then wove into a fully developed melody alluding to Russian folk music. In Tseng’s hands, the fiery violin linked bipolar episodes of abruptly changing keys and mood. The TPO string section stoked the solo violin with robust pizzicati. Concluding the allegro, Tseng built up energy, until it suddenly dissipated in anticipation of the second, much slower movement. In the andante assai, Tseng invited the listeners for a graceful stroll. While the strings gently accompanied him, a long wistful melody in solo violin flowed throughout the movement. When the initial theme returned after an interruption, principal cellist Urszula Kopijkowska and violinist Yavroumis treated it to a duo in a warm, sweet tone. The final rondo took the audience to Spain with castanets cheering the soloist. The TPO playfully dialogued with Tseng through grotesque episodes and dance-like gestures, before ending the concerto with a tempestuous coda. Based on One Thousand and One Nights, Rimsky-Korsakov’s symphonic suite Scheherazade set to music the tales of the fictitious Persian King Shahryar’s eventual wife. Under Scarano’s confident direction, the TPO captured Rimsky-Korsakov’s two hallmarks: radiant, colourful orchestration and a fascination with the Orient. The brass section introduced the tyrannical Sultan with a growling motif. Then Scheherazade herself appeared in solo violin, and Yavroumis played her theme with a tender and sensuous tone. In the second movement, solo woodwinds evoked the melancholy of the Kalendar Prince, who searches for wisdom. Lush strings entered his theme, giving it a sense of “journey”. The most stirring moment came when the brass joined in, lending the Prince’s music masculine strength. Thunderous brass fanfares and sweeping winds conjured up the third movement’s ship striking rocks and sinking in a bitonal collision. Following the storm, Yavroumis drew on the violin’s highest register to depict Scheherazade’s return. Serendipity or foresight? A curious fact underpinned the atmosphere of harmony and excitement of Saturday’s programme at Mahidol: Rimsky-Korsakov and Prokofiev shared more than their country of origin. Prokofiev arranged, and himself recorded, parts of Rimsky-Korsakov’s Scheherazade in his fantasia of the same name. Tomáš Bazika

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